在美高梅官方网站app首页的创意写作博客系列练习的第四部分, 创意写作(荣誉) 课程领导 杰克博士麦高文 talks to us about creating ‘种并行’ 和 its ability to help us overcome writer’s block. 

这个环节产生介绍 种并行: all the elements of publication that exist alongside the main body of the text that can have an impact on the way it is interpreted by the reader.

众所周知,写小说可不是在公园里散步. 这需要时间, 耐心, 和 commitment 和 there can often be points in the process where you feel like giving up.

 

文思枯竭

揉成一团的纸包裹着一本空的笔记本

作家的障碍是由Mike Rose定义的 写作障碍:认知维度 as “an inability to begin or continue writing for reasons other than a lack of basic skill or commitment.” It’s not that you're not good enough to write a novel, though it very often feels that way. It’s a much more complicated part of the writing process 和 it can often be a sign that you need to make a change to the story or take the novel in a different direction to inspire you 和 motivate you to continue.

Whatever is the root cause, writer’s block is not something to be worried about.  In 的论文 三十年 the writer Thomas Mann suggests that: “A writer is someone for whom writing is more difficult than it is for other people.” So, 如果你觉得写作过程很难, don't worry - it IS difficult - 和 struggling with it just means that you're engaging with your writing.

 

种并行

There are lots of strategies for breaking through writer's block 和 a good place to start is to think about what your novel offers the reader beyond the main text. 种并行 is defined by the literary theorist Gérard Genette as: “a fringe of the printed text which in reality controls one's whole reading of the text.” It's everything outside of the actual story (the main body of writing) that contributes to how a reader will perceive your novel 和 could include:

 

  • 的封面
  • 插图
  • 地图
  • 时间线
  • 前言或导言
  • 章节标题
  • 词汇表
  • 字符列表
  • 在某种程度上增加阅读体验的其他元素

 

If you're stuck mid-way through a longer narrative 和 you can't work out what comes next, it can be refreshing to take a step back 和 think about all the things that might contribute to the finished book. Drawing a map of your fictional world can be an excellent way to stretch your world-building skills. It might be that you discover there's actually a mountain range your heroes must cross to reach their destination, 它为你提供了下一章所需要的内容. 也许, you just can't work out how two characters are meant to fit together until you sketch out a rough timeline or family tree 和 you discover that they could be long-lost relatives. Thinking about your novel in a three-dimensional way can help you overcome tricky moments 和 get your writing moving again.

 

的简介

旁文的另一个重要元素是简介或书的封套. This is the short description usually found on the back of the book that helps to get readers excited about reading it. 还有其他的文本, 如封面, 宣传是有助于这本书销售的一种营销工具, 而且通常是为特定的读者或人口统计而写的.

 

的写作练习

几本书的封面有点焦距
  • Try writing your own blurb for an imagined novel or for a real project that you're currently working on.
  • Aim for one to two hundred words - some books will have longer blurbs 和 some will have shorter ones.
  • You have to think carefully about what you need to communicate about your story in order to attract your reader's attention 和 then balance this against the amount of space you have on the back of the book.
  • 试着总结一下你的故事中令人兴奋的地方, 以及你认为它可能会吸引读者的原因, 或者提供关于书中奥秘的提示和线索.
  • It’s worth noting that a lot of publishers will have influence over the direction of your paratext, 你可能会发现, 最终, 你的出版商或编辑会想自己写一篇宣传文章.

 

It’s still a worthwhile exercise for you to try even if you don't end up writing the finished jacket copy. You'll need to be able to communicate what's exciting about your book in a brief 和 enticing way in order to secure the interest of a publisher or agent in the first place. Getting into the practice of writing blurbs will enable you to sharpen up these skills. It can also help you get back in touch with the intrigue that's driving the story 和 help you overcome any writer's block you may be experiencing.

 

 

下面是一个例子 “画圈打叉游戏” (2001),作者是玛洛丽·布莱克曼。

“Callum is a nought – a second class citizen in a world run by the ruling Crosses…Sephy is a Cross, 是这个国家最有权势的人的女儿, “零”和“十字”不能混合使用. And as hostility turns into violence, can Callum 和 Sephy possibly find a way to be together? 他们决心试一试. 然后炸弹爆炸了……”

 

Writing a blurb may only be a small part of the overall process of writing a novel, 但它可能很重要. 学习时 创意写作 at the 美高梅官方网站app we teach you that it’s not just about improving your writing skills, we also focus on introducing you to all the aspects involved with professional writing. This should help you to think about all the different things that go into producing a publication that you're proud of 和 best represent who you are as a writer.

 

This is the fourth part in our 创意写作 Exercises blog series to help you improve your writing 和 to act as inspiration. 想试试之前的练习? 学习如何 美丽的亲家  技巧可以把你的写作带到新的、令人兴奋的地方.

All views expressed in this blog are the Academic’s own 和 do not represent the views, 美高梅官方网站app或其任何合作伙伴的政策或意见.